Red Bay Tree

Red Bay Tree

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Hard to find but easy to love, Red Bay is a native shade tree with major benefits for wildlife. This is the source of Bay Leaves used in cooking. It’s evergreen, produces berries enjoyed by birds, and supports the caterpillars of the Spicebush Swallowtail and Palamedes Swallowtail.

If you plant it near a building or power lines, make sure it’s pruned regularly. The branches are not as strong as the branches on other common shade trees so it’s susceptible to breaking in strong winds.

Mature height

30 feet

Mature width

20 feet

Sunny or Shady


Sun Exposure Type

Type 3-5

Spring/Summer appearance

Green foliage 

Fall/Winter appearance

Green foliage with berries

Wildlife support

Birds and Swallowtail butterflies

Freeze Hardy


Botanical Name

Persia borbonia